What is Orthopaedic Surgery?

Everyone knows someone who has been immobilised by joint, muscle, or bone pain. People of all ages are affected by musculoskeletal disorders and pain at any time and at any age, which prevents them from working or enjoying life. The good news is that anyone needing orthopaedic surgery, from a child with scoliosis to an adult with a traumatic injury that necessitates amputation, can get it. People can live happier and more fruitful lives with the help of treatment options.

Introduction & Definition

Orthopaedic surgery is an operation done by a qualified orthopaedist specialist or orthopaedic surgeon to treat problems with the bones, joints, tendons, muscles, and ligaments that an accident, injury, trauma, or a long-term condition has caused. Orthopaedic surgery can also treat congenital disabilities, musculoskeletal problems brought on by ageing, and issues with the nervous system connected to the spinal column.

What Does an Orthopaedic Surgeon Treat?

First, orthopaedic surgeons look into nonsurgical options like pain medication or therapy. They also possess the knowledge to perform orthopaedic surgery to treat a disease or repair an injury.
The most common reason people visit their doctors each year is musculoskeletal pain.
Many people know that orthopaedic surgeons replace painful joints and fix broken bones, but did you know that they also provide care for patients with these issues?

Athletic injuries
Spinal stenosis, ruptured discs, and back pain
Bone tumours
Hand injuries, hand arthritis, and carpal tunnel syndrome
Hip dysplasia, bow legs, and club feet
Orthopaedic injuries
Lengthening the limbs
Bunions, foot and ankle injuries, and Achilles tendon injuries
Arthritis
Osteoporosis

Why Choose an Orthopaedic Surgeon?
An orthopaedic surgeon is a specialist who has had a lot of training in diagnosing injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system and treating them both without orthopaedic surgery and with surgery.

Common Orthopaedic Surgeries
Every day, surgeons perform dozens of orthopaedic surgical procedures. The following are some of the most typical:

Arthroscopy
Arthroscopy is an advanced, minimally invasive procedure that uses probes, thin tubes, and tiny instruments to diagnose and repair damaged joint tissue.

Bone Fracture Repair
It is an orthopaedic surgery for treating broken collarbones, ankles, legs, hips, ribs, and almost any other bone. This orthopaedic surgery involves making cuts through which the bones are fixed and straightened, frequently using screws or splints.

Arthroplasty
This orthopaedic surgery consists of various methods for completely replacing joints like the hip or knees, such as in cases of severe arthritis. These methods involve replacing damaged joints with rubbery prosthetic material to restore joint motion.

Damaged Tissue Repair
An orthopaedic surgery in which grafts are taken from other parts of the body and are used to reconstruct torn ligaments or tendons.

Corrective Surgery
Some procedures are carried out to correct misalignments and deformities of the spine or limbs to improve and optimise movement. Fusion surgery (which involves joining two pieces of bone together) and osteotomy (cutting and repositioning the bone) are common procedures.

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