What Is Lordosis And What Causes It?

Lordosis refers to the condition of the inward curve of the spine in the lower back or the neck area. It does not induce symptoms in individuals who have this condition. But when it becomes severe, it can cause pain, and individuals may need surgery.

Lordosis is the spine curve that is exaggerated. It is also called swayback. It usually occurs in the area of your lower back. In this case, this condition is termed lumbar lordosis. If it appears in the region of your neck, it will be called cervical lordosis in medical terms.

Spines start curving outward, which is known as kyphosis. The shape of this spine is like a hump. Typically, it affects the area of your upper and middle back instead of your neck and lower back.

Sometimes other spinal curves cause the development of lordosis in your body to compensate for your existing balance. Keep noticing your symptoms if you think that you are developing lordosis.

Symptoms

The main symptom of lordosis is an inward spine curve that is exaggerated. The area of the stomach and buttocks can stick out, depending on where lordosis is developing in your body. It becomes difficult for people to flat on the floor who have lordosis.

It changes the appearance of people for different reasons. Severe lordosis can cause back and neck pain in you. People may feel numbness and tingling during this condition. Pain spreads to your feet and leg area, which refers to sciatica.

Lordosis can cause the loss of control of the bowels or bladder, but this condition is rare. People with this condition may become weak and feel severe pain in their legs. If it is happening to you, seek medical care immediately.

Causes

Doctors are always sure about the exact cause of lordosis. But certain risk factors and reasons exist that may lead to lordosis. It helps doctors to make a classification of lordosis, which is given below.

Congenital Lordosis

It can be associated with specific inherited conditions like achondroplasia. It affects the growth of cartilage. Developmental issues of the spine can cause this condition.

Postural Lordosis

An uneven posture can cause the development of postural lordosis. Take care of posture while sitting or laying on the bed. If your abdominal muscles are weak, then you are at risk of developing postural lordosis.

Being overweight also makes you vulnerable to developing postural lordosis. These factors are involved in the straining of your lower back.

Neuromuscular Lordosis

Different conditions related to neuro muscles can cause the development of neuromuscular lordosis. These conditions can be cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy.

Postsurgical Lordosis

A back surgery disturbs the stability of your spines, such as selective dorsal rhizotomy or laminectomy. It can cause postsurgical lordosis in people.

Secondary Lordosis

Having any other condition like a spinal curve such as scoliosis or kyphosis can cause secondary lordosis.

Obesity

If you carry excess weight, it can lead your bones and muscles backward to improve your balance.

Osteoporosis

Certain other factors and age can make your bones weak. It can cause spine curvature in people.

Spondylolisthesis

One vertebra starts slipping forward over the other in the area of your lower back in this condition.

Diagnosis

Doctors usually examine people with lordosis physically. They can also use CT scans, X-rays, and MRI to verify the diagnosis. Scan reports about curve extent in the spine. Doctors may also examine you through additional tests if you have symptoms of any injury or other medical condition.

Treatment

An individual may not need treatment if the spine is exaggerated mildly. The curve becomes pronounced, and it does not induce pain. The cause of lordosis is associated with the treatment plan you may need.

If your child has the symptoms of lordosis, the doctor may recommend you to use a back brace for them. It helps to prevent the growth of the curve as your child gets older. If lordosis leads to pain, NSAIDs or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to avoid it.

An example of such a drug is ibuprofen that helps you to reduce the pain caused by lordosis. People who have severe lordosis might need surgery. In surgical procedures, a doctor attaches the rods of metal to your spine bones.

These rods fuse permanently into a straight position. Do not leave your condition of lordosis untreated to avoid serious complications.

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