The Effects Of Body Composition On The Immune System

Living a healthy life entails having a strong immune system and a healthy body composition. Not having either will cause plenty of health issues that will hurt one’s quality of living. Both are also linked with one another because not being in ideal physical shape harms the immune system.

Healthy body composition means having sufficiently developed muscle mass and being within the healthy body fat percentage range; 10-20% for men and 18-28% for women. You can attain the ideal healthy body composition by maintaining an appropriate body mass index (BMI) based on gender and age. Basically, you have to work on staying fit.

Proper diet and regular exercise are the countermeasures you can take to strengthen your immune system by achieving the best physical shape you can be. To help motivate you do that, read more about the effects of body composition on the immune system in this blog.

Fat cells and inflammation

Inflammation happens when your body’s defense system gets triggered due to being sick. It’s the body’s innate immune response when a foreign invader enters it.

Inflammation is a reaction caused by white blood cells called macrophages and the proteins they emit called cytokines. However, there’s another cell that emits them that also causes inflammation called adipocytes of fat cells. Those cells increase as more excess calories are stored in your body for later use.

The more cytokines your fat cells release, the longer your body is put in a constant state of inflammation. This causes your immune system to be permanently switched on, and a perpetual state of inflammation will not do your body any good. The cytokines secreted by adipocytes place your body in a medical condition called low-grade chronic inflammation.

Preventing low-grade chronic inflammation through weight loss

To prevent your body from being in a constant state of inflammation, you need to be in shape. If your BMI is 25.0 to 30, then you’re overweight, while a BMI higher than 30 is considered obese. Doctors use BMI to screen an individual’s weight to determine if they’re in good physical shape. While it doesn’t directly measure body fat, it’s moderately correlated with more direct measures of it.

You can improve your body composition through a mix of strategies that promote fat loss and muscle gain. You can subject yourself to medical weight loss and wellness programs from clinics like KC Medical if you find that supervision helpful for optimal efficiency and long-term benefits. Research say that losing at least 10 pounds is already a good start to rebalance a compromised immune system.

Losing at least 13 pounds or six kg may also bring down the body’s pro-inflammatory cells. However, keep in mind that losing weight quicker than normal will only hurt your already compromised immune system. You have to go through the process and trust the progress that you’re attaining throughout your weight loss journey.


The more fat stored in your body, the more you gain weight and compromise your immune system. Help yourself by burning excess fat in your body. Stay in shape and strengthen your body’s defense system to avoid the worse.

Author’s Bio:

Though not a medical professional, Hodge Racter knows a lot about medical topics, including hormone replacement (having undergone the procedure himself) and medical weight loss surgeries. Today, he remains spry and energetic despite his age, and when he’s not doing freelance work, he’s having quality time with his wife and two dogs.

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