Speech Therapy: What Is It?

Speech therapy Sydney evaluates communication issues and treats them accordingly. It is usually done by speech-language pathologists (SLPs), also known as speech therapists.

Why Is Speech Therapy Important?

Many speech therapy treatments are effective for language and speech impairments.

  • An articulation disorder is an inability to correctly produce certain word sounds. A speech disorder can lead to children being unable to correctly produce certain word sounds. A good example of word distortion is saying “this” instead of “this”.
  • Fluency issues. Fluency is a disordered rhythm, pace, or style. Stuttering and cluttering are two examples of fluency. Stuttering is a condition in which a person has trouble producing sounds. They may have difficulty speaking, stopping, or obstructing their speech. Someone with cluttering speaks fast and often combines words.
  • Disorders of resonance. A resonance disorder is a condition in which the vibrations that affect voice quality are disrupted by an obstruction or blockage of normal airflow through the nasal or oral cavities.
  • Disorders of reception. Receptive language impairment is a condition that affects the ability of a person to understand and process language. You may appear indifferent to what others are saying. It can also make it more difficult to understand what they are saying. Other language disorders, hearing loss, head trauma, or autism can cause a receptive language problem.
  • Disorders in expression. A sign of expressive language impairment is when information is not conveyed well. An expressive problem is when you have trouble writing complete sentences, such as by using the wrong verb tense. This can be caused by developmental disabilities such as Down syndrome and hearing loss. It could also be caused by injuries to the head or medical conditions.
  • Communication and cognition issues. Cognitive-communication disorder is characterized by communication difficulties brought on by damage to the area of the brain that governs thought. This can lead to memory issues, difficulty solving problems, and difficulties speaking and listening. It could be caused by certain neurological diseases, brain injuries, brain damage, brain growth abnormalities, and strokes.
  • Aphasia. This acquired communication problem can affect the ability to communicate with others and make them understand. A person’s writing and reading skills are also affected. There are many causes of Aphasia, but strokes are the most common.
  • Dysarthria. This disorder causes weakness or inability to control speech muscles, resulting in sluggish and slurred speech.

What Happens In Speech Therapy?

Often, speech therapy is preceded by an SLP assessment. This determines the type and effectiveness of the communication problem.

Therapy For Children’s Speech

Your child’s speech therapy may be in a classroom or small group depending on their speech impairment. Speech therapy uses a variety of activities and exercises depending on the child’s age, disease, and needs. The SLP may be used in children’s speech therapy.

  • Interact with books, drawings, and other objects while engaging in conversation, play, or other language-stimulating activities.
  • Play with children and demonstrate the correct sounds and syllables to help them learn.

Adult Speech Therapists

An evaluation is part of adult speech therapy. This allows you to determine your needs and recommend the best course of action. Speech therapy activities for adults can help improve your speaking skills.

Therapy may include retraining swallowing function in the event of an injury, such as Parkinson’s disease, or oral cancer.

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