Scientifically and medically, the surrogacy procedure makes it possible for women who can’t get pregnant to have a child. Surrogacy is a form of transfer of the reproductive function to a third party, in which a woman agrees to bear a child from intended parent(s) unable to conceive for medical reasons. There are two types of surrogacy: gestational surrogacy and traditional surrogacy. You can read about the role of a surrogacy agency on this website.
1. Gestational surrogacy
This type of surrogacy is also called “full or host surrogacy”. The technique used is known as in vitro fertilization. Women who carry children have absolutely no genetic relationship with the baby they are carrying. A mother’s egg and a father’s sperm are combined outside the womb, and after developing into a healthy embryo, the embryo will be “entrusted” to the womb of a surrogate mother willing to become pregnant in order to carry and take care of the child of the intended parent(s) until birth.
2. Traditional surrogacy
This type of surrogacy is called “partial surrogacy”. The surrogate mother who undergoes this type of surrogacy is the biological mother of the baby. The surrogate mother becomes pregnant naturally or artificially, but the child born has a genetic link with her. It could be the mother’s own egg being fertilized by the father’s sperm, a woman using donor sperm to get pregnant when she has no partner, or same-sex partners who want to have a child.
A controversial practice
There is much controversy around the use of surrogacy. Intended parents who wish to have a child, are unable to conceive and want to resort to surrogacy may need to do so in another country where this medical practice is legal. Even in the United States itself, gestational surrogacy is easier to perform than traditional surrogacy because it is easier to register legally.
The development of medical science has raised many important ethical issues. In the matter of renting a womb for example, is it permissible to have children for couples who have been declared completely sterile or have difficulty having children?
In developed countries, although the ethical issues are still debated, the practice already gained a clear legal basis as long as the contract between surrogate and intended parent(s) is clear.
Several famous public figures have become parents by renting a womb:
1. Ricky Martin
Ricky Martin has long stated that he is gay and is married to a man named Jwan. They rented a womb and now have 3 children: two boys and a girl
2. Shahrukh Khan
Shahrukh Khan’s youngest child, Abram, was born through a surrogate mother in May 2013. Gauri, whose wife has given birth to two children, Suhana and Aryan, has been trying to get pregnant again for two years but failed. Initially, the couple considered adoption but later chose to hire a surrogate. Abram’s arrival was greeted with joy by Gauri and Shahrukh Khan. Abram fills a void in his parents’ hearts because Suhana and Aryan have grown up and live far away from Gauri and Shahrukh Khan. In fact, there are rumors that Gauri is trying to have another child and even hired a surrogate mother, so Shahrukh Khan is more comfortable at home and leaves his mistress.
3. Aamir Khan
Aamir Khan is also included in the list of artists who have children from surrogate mothers. Aamir Khan and his wife Kiran Rao have openly admitted that they had a child from a surrogate mother. Azad was born in December 2011 through a surrogate mother. The couple adopted this method because Kiran had experienced miscarriages and uterine complications, which made it difficult for her to conceive and give birth. From his previous marriage with Reena, Aamir Khan already has two children named Junaid and Ira. However, Azad became a special child for Aamir Khan, because he was born after going through many difficulties and a long wait.