How to help dyslexic children learn sight words?

Children with dyslexia may have difficulty acquiring sight words. Because some of these words do not adhere to regular spelling norms, they are not decoded. Others occur so often that children must identify them rapidly in order to be proficient readers. Sacramento literacy program might help you learn sight words faster.

1. Go into specifics

Children who struggle with reading may need assistance in detecting all of the characteristics in a new word, particularly if the word has an uncommon spelling. Take the word for it.

Teach your youngster by showing them the word and then reading it aloud. Then, have your youngster speak the letters of the word. Inquire about the vowels your youngster notices. What letters appear at the start, middle, and end of the word? This allows children to evaluate and digest the word in more depth.

2. Design a memory aid

Sometimes children might devise a method to assist them to recall difficult words. These memory aides are referred to as mnemonics. Kids may come up with a rhyme that contains the word or anything else that they identify with it.

They might also attempt concocting a phrase that spells out the word. Assume your youngster is having difficulty remembering them. Your youngster may devise the mnemonic “they eat yams.”

3. Include some creative flare

Some children find it easier to recall a sight word if they associate it with a picture. Here’s one approach:

On two sides of an index card, write a practice word. You or your youngster may draw an image directly into the text on one side (like drawing eyes inside the double o in the word look). Use the graphic side of each card to introduce the practice words. When your youngster is able to read these words fast and easily, flip the card to the “print-only” side.

4. Make use of several senses

According to research, children with dyslexia learn best when they use all of their senses. You may stimulate children’s sense of touch by having them trace letters on sight word lists with their fingers. Alternatively, cut the letters out of sandpaper and instruct them to trace the scratchy surface while pronouncing the letter names and then the word.

Encourage children to move by having them “write” the word in the air with their pointer and middle fingers while saying it aloud. Younger children may enjoy writing the words in sand or shaving foam.

5. Create a mental image

Tell your youngster to take a careful look at a word on a card and “take a picture of it” in order to remember it. Then remove the card.

What letters do you see in your head? What are the initial, second, and final letters? What vowel(s) are present in the word? Visualizing new words may assist youngsters in remembering, reading, and spelling them.

6. Take out a pencil

After practicing reading and air-writing target sight words, children may attempt spelling them on paper. First, have your youngster duplicate them from a flashcard or word list. Your youngster can then attempt writing it without looking.

You may also have your youngster write the word on a whiteboard a few times while pronouncing the letters and then the word. Alternatively, write the word a few times a day on paper. Your youngster should practice the target words until they can spell them consistently and without looking.

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