computer science engineering

A detailed probe into the history of computer science engineering and its present lineage


Computer science engineering originated as a sub branch of electrical engineering. It was considered as a hybrid branch between electrical engineering and electronics engineering. This branch covered fields like software design and development and the integration of hardware and software. It also laid focus on microcontrollers as well as microprocessors. 

Over a period of time, computer science engineering broadened its scope by including aspects like computing and processing under its domain. It now started to emerge as a separate branch of engineering with great prospects of further research and development. 

While industries started to hire computer science engineers, the academic sector responded by laying down a road map for the best BTech colleges for computer science. The aim of these colleges was to not only enhance the scope and application of computer engineering but also accentuate the process of research and development in this field. Needless to mention, computer science engineering has a history of its own and needs to be probed in detail.

Deep diving into history 

It is difficult to associate a particular year with the rise of computer science engineering. However, it was in 1939 when the first electronic digital computer was conceived. It is regarded that this was a brain child of John Vincent Atanasoff. The knowledge of different subjects like physics, mathematics, electronics as well as electrical engineering was utilized to give birth to this primitive version of the computer. Even before this development, there were other machines like the Difference engine which was the mechanical version of the computer. 

The real growth of computer science engineering started to occur in the last quarter of the 20th century. In the 1970’s, we witnessed the rise of semiconductor technology. This was supplemented by the rise of large scale integration as well as very large scale integration or VLSI technology later on. The rise of the single chip microprocessor completely changed the paradigm of computer science engineering from a hardware oriented field to a field which should focus more on software design and development.

Academic history 

The rise of Computer Science Engineering Colleges started way back in 1970s in the United States of America. As mentioned above, this was also the time when a semiconductor revolution was going on. Semiconductor technology had given great importance to computer science and microprocessors played a great role in decentralizing the computational processes associated with the subject. 

In the coming decade, there was another catalyst that provided impetus to the rise of computer science engineering. This catalyst was nothing but a series of events that led to the development of the world wide web. The ground for setting up computer science engineering colleges around the world was now cleared. Computer science engineering was to be a unique discipline that would research processes like software development, hardware related structures as well as other computational processes. 

Computer science engineering now started to include other subjects under its umbrella like mathematics, algebra, statistics and some elements of electrical and electronic engineering as well. This led to an interdisciplinary collaboration between computer science engineering as well as other core branches of engineering.

The present lineage

There is no doubt in the fact that computer science engineering has progressed unlike any other branch of engineering. The 21st century has witnessed the proliferation of Computer Science Engineering Colleges, software professionals and other professionals who have a strong background in programming. The continuation of this progress can be seen in the form of new technologies that have started to bring a new digital revolution. Technologies like artificial intelligence, machine learning, data science,  computing, business analytics and business intelligence are regarded as the powerhouse of computer science engineering. 

Indeed, the sub-branches of computer science engineering would play an important role in establishing computer science as the unparalleled branch of engineering in the coming time. The scale of progress of computer science engineering is further broadened by technologies like cryptography and information protection. The new technologies like blockchain and cryptography are being seen as security layers for safeguarding critical and sensitive information. The focus of computer science engineering is also on other developments like wireless networks as well as operating systems. 

Conclusion: The way ahead 

Computer science is contributing to the present digital revolution in the form of parallel processing, mobile computing as well as distributed systems. The developments in the fields of computer vision and transition of robots to humanoids are well known achievements of computer science engineering. The applications and scope of computer science engineering would continue at a rapid pace with the help of technologies like natural language processing, cloud computing and quantum computing.

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