Galactorrhea: Symptoms, Causes, Complications, and Treatment

Non-breastfeeding women who notice milk secretion should visit a gynecologist in Islamabad. The specialist will determine the cause and then treat it accordingly. It will help avoid complications such as osteoporosis.

What is Galactorrhea?

It is a condition in which non-breastfeeding women notice milk secretion from one or both breasts. Women between the age of eighteen and thirty-five are more likely to suffer from galactorrhea. However, the treatment can help with the condition with complications.

What are the Symptoms of Galactorrhea?

The symptoms of galactorrhea are:

  • The milk secretion can be persistent or intermittent.
  • The women can notice the milk secretion in abundance or small quantities.
  • The individuals can notice the milk secretion in one or both breasts.
  • Women who suffer from galactorrhea are more likely to have an irregular menstruation cycle.
  • The patient suffers from a headache most of the time.
  • Women suffering from galactorrhea are more likely to have acne and related problems.
  • Women suffering from galactorrhea have a low sex drive.
  • The patient is more likely to suffer from vision-related problems.

What are the known causes of galactorrhea?

The excess of prolactin hormone causes the person to suffer from galactorrhea. The factors that can cause an increase in the hormone are:

  • Women taking medications from hypertension and depression can suffer from the condition as a side-effect.
  • Individuals addicted to marijuana and cocaine are more likely to suffer from multiple physical illnesses, including galactorrhea.
  • Pregnant women can suffer from galactorrhea.
  • Women taking birth control pills are more likely to suffer from the condition as a side effect.
  • Women who suffer from thyroid issues are more likely to develop the condition as a side-effect.
  • Individuals diagnosed with kidney disease are more likely to suffer from the condition.

What measures can help prevent the occurrence of the condition?

The preventive measures include:

  • Women should avoid excessive nipple stimulation while engaging in sexual activities.
  • Women using illicit drugs should try to overcome the habit to avoid complications.
  • Women should avoid wearing clothes that can cause friction between the fabric and the nipples.

What are complications that correlate with galactorrhea?

The complications associated with galactorrhea are:

  • Women may suffer from breast tenderness due to galactorrhea. Young individuals with the condition can become conscious, which may compromise their mental health.
  • The condition can cause unbearable pain. It can hinder their overall performance.
  • If the condition is not treated timely; the excessive prolactin hormone can lead to osteoporosis.

What tests assist in diagnosing galactorrhea?

The tests that are proven beneficial in diagnosing galactorrhea are:

  • The specialist conducts a thorough physical exam. It helps determine if there are any lumps in the breasts that can cause complications.
  • The blood testing helps detect an imbalance in thyroid and prolactin hormone that may cause the person to suffer from galactorrhea.
  • A mammogram is a test that helps detect the presence of a cancerous tumor in the breast.
  • The imaging tests help detect abnormalities in the pituitary gland. It can cause the condition to worsen.

What are the effective treatment options for galactorrhea?

The medications and surgical procedures that have proven effective in treating galactorrhea are:

  • Use of Dopamine Receptor Agonist: The medication helps deal with the impact of excessive prolactin hormone on the body. It also helps to reduce the prolactin hormone levels.
  • Use of Hormone Therapy: Individuals who have problems with pituitary glands and are suffering from hyperthyroidism are recommended hormone therapy. It is proven effective in balancing the levels and dealing with the correlating problems.
  • Tumor excision: In the case of a tumor, the procedure helps extract and provide relief from the symptoms. 

Women who experience the symptoms of galactorrhea must prioritize their physical health and visit a doctor at Quaid-e-Azam International Hospital. The specialist will consult several tests to determine the cause of the condition and provide guidance regarding the most effective treatment plan.

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