The gallbladder is an organ in the human body found below the liver on the right side of the abdomen. Its primary function is to produce a digestive liquid called bile, eventually released in the small intestine. Gallbladder stones or gallstones do not mean stones. They are solid particles that can be as small as a granule or as big as a ball. These gallstones do not cause any problem until they block the bile duct. Blockage of the bile duct gives tremendous pain to the abdomen of the patient. At such a stage, the patient is suggested to undergo gallbladder stones surgery.
The Types of Gallbladder StonesIn any human body, two types of gallstones can be found:
1. Cholesterol StonesThese are the most common gallstones found in the human body. They appear yellow-green and are mainly composed of all the undissolved cholesterol in the human body. About 80% of people have cholesterol stones.
2. Pigment StonesThese are formed when bile contains too much bilirubin. Excessive bilirubin begins with darker and smaller stones in the gallbladder. These stones are generally found in people with severe medical conditions like sickle cell anemia.
What Are The Reasons Behind Gallbladder Stones?It is believed that gallbladder stones form due to bile. However, this belief is wrong. Bile is a mandatory fluid in the human body for digestion. The presence of excessive cholesterol or excessive bilirubin in bile can, however, form gallstones. If the patient’s gallbladder is not getting empty properly, it can also be one of the significant causes of gallbladder stones. If the bladder does not get empty, bile might become very concentrated, leading to stone formation. Formation of gallbladder stones can happen because of improper diet, genes, weight, and problems in the gallbladder. It does not have to be precise because of any one of these.
Signs You May Have Gallbladder StonesThe gallstones might not show any sign of their formation and presence until they block the bile duct. Blockage of the bile duct by the gallstones can offer the following symptoms:
- Rapid increasing pain in the right side of the abdomen
- Pain just below the breastbone or center of the abdomen
- Pain between the shoulder blades at the back
- Pain on the right shoulder
- High degree fever along with body chills
- Yellowing of skin tone
- Excessive pain in the abdomen, making the patient uncomfortable in every position the patient sits.
Benefits of Undergoing Gallbladder Stone SurgeryRemoval of gallstones can relieve you of abdominal pain and can also stop it from coming back in the future. If gallstones are not removed with time, it can be life-threatening as the gallbladder might burst. The process through which gallstones are removed is called laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The benefits of undergoing gallbladder stone surgery through this process are as follows:
- Less amount of pain
- Reduction in risk complications
- Faster recovery
- Small wounds or scars to the body.
What Things Are To Be Taken Care Of Post Gallbladder Stone SurgeryPost-surgery there are a few things that should be kept in mind. They are as follows:
- Avoiding lifting heavy objects as it may create pressure on the abdomen directly.
- Consumption of plenty of water.
- Walking every day to avoid the formation of blood clots.
- Eat foods that are rich in fiber which will help your bowel movements.
- Do not pressurize yourself with loads of activities. Gradually take up activities and shift back to your regular schedule with time, slowly and steadily.
When to Go For Immediate Medical Attention Post SurgeryAfter the surgery if you experience any of the following signs, call for immediate medical attention:
- Cramps in the abdomen with severe pain
- Yellowing of skin
- No bowel movement for three consecutive days
- High fever
- Bleeding or swelling